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What Does Psychosomatic Mean?

“Psychosomatic” is a term used in medicine and psychology to describe a condition or symptom that has both psychological and physical components. It suggests a connection between a person’s mental or emotional state and their physical health. Here are key points to understand about the term “psychosomatic”:

  1. Mind-Body Connection: Psychosomatic conditions or symptoms imply that mental or emotional factors can influence, exacerbate, or even cause physical health issues. In other words, it highlights the interconnectedness of the mind and body.
  2. Psychological Origin: In some cases, psychosomatic symptoms may primarily arise from psychological distress or emotional factors. For example, chronic stress, anxiety, or unresolved emotional trauma can manifest as physical symptoms like headaches, stomachaches, or muscle tension.
  3. No Organic Cause: Psychosomatic symptoms often occur when there is no identifiable organic or physical cause for the symptoms. Medical evaluations may not reveal any underlying disease or structural abnormality to explain the physical complaints.
  4. Real Symptoms: It’s essential to note that psychosomatic symptoms are not “imagined” or “fake” symptoms. People experiencing psychosomatic symptoms genuinely feel physical discomfort or pain, even though the root cause may be emotional or psychological.
  5. Treatment Approach: Treatment for psychosomatic conditions typically involves addressing both the psychological and physical aspects. This may include psychotherapy or counseling to address underlying emotional issues, stress management techniques, and sometimes medication to alleviate physical symptoms.
  6. Common Examples: Common examples of psychosomatic symptoms or conditions include tension headaches, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), chest pain related to anxiety or panic attacks, and certain skin conditions exacerbated by stress.
  7. Individual Variability: The way psychosomatic symptoms manifest can vary widely from person to person. Some individuals may be more prone to physical symptoms in response to emotional stress, while others may experience minimal physical impact.
  8. Holistic Approach: Many healthcare providers advocate for a holistic approach to health, recognizing the importance of both physical and mental well-being in overall health. Addressing psychosomatic symptoms is a part of this approach.

Understanding the concept of psychosomatic symptoms is important in healthcare because it underscores the importance of considering psychological and emotional factors in the assessment and treatment of various health conditions including chronic pain. It highlights the idea that mental health and physical health are interconnected, and addressing both aspects is often necessary for comprehensive care.

Effects of All-or-Nothing Thinking

“All-or-nothing thinking,” also known as black-and-white thinking or dichotomous thinking, is a cognitive distortion or thinking pattern in which individuals perceive situations or events in extreme, either/or terms, with no middle ground or shades of gray. This type of thinking can have various negative effects on a person’s mental and emotional well-being, relationships, and decision-making. Here are some of the effects of all-or-nothing thinking:

  1. Increased Stress and Anxiety: All-or-nothing thinking often leads to a heightened sense of stress and anxiety because individuals tend to perceive situations as more threatening or catastrophic than they may actually be. This can trigger the body’s stress response, leading to physical and emotional discomfort.
  2. Perfectionism: All-or-nothing thinkers may set unrealistic standards for themselves, believing that they must achieve perfection or nothing at all. This perfectionism can be paralyzing and lead to chronic dissatisfaction with their own performance.
  3. Negative Self-Esteem: Individuals who engage in all-or-nothing thinking may have low self-esteem because they tend to view their successes as inadequate unless they achieve perfection. This constant self-criticism can erode self-worth and self-confidence.
  4. Difficulty in Problem-Solving: All-or-nothing thinking can hinder effective problem-solving. When faced with challenges or setbacks, individuals may struggle to find flexible solutions because they are locked into rigid, binary thinking.
  5. Impaired Decision-Making: Making decisions based on black-and-white thinking can be limiting. It may lead to impulsive choices or a reluctance to make any decision at all if the perceived options are extreme and unappealing.
  6. Interpersonal Issues: In relationships, all-or-nothing thinking can lead to misunderstandings and conflicts. When individuals apply this thinking pattern to others, they may judge people as either entirely good or entirely bad, without recognizing the complexity of human behavior.
  7. Avoidance and Procrastination: Fearing failure or falling short of perfection, individuals may avoid tasks or procrastinate, believing that if they can’t do something perfectly, it’s not worth doing at all. This can hinder personal and professional growth.
  8. Rigidity: All-or-nothing thinkers may resist compromise and flexibility in various aspects of life, including relationships, work, and problem-solving. This rigidity can limit adaptability and hinder collaboration.
  9. Increased Emotional Distress: Engaging in all-or-nothing thinking can lead to heightened emotional distress, including feelings of frustration, hopelessness, and despair when situations do not align with their rigid expectations.
  10. Reduced Resilience: People who engage in all-or-nothing thinking may struggle to bounce back from setbacks and adversity. They are more vulnerable to experiencing emotional and psychological distress in response to life’s challenges.

Recognizing all-or-nothing thinking is the first step in addressing its negative effects. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and mindfulness techniques can be helpful in challenging and changing this thinking pattern. These therapeutic approaches encourage individuals to identify and challenge their automatic thoughts, consider alternative viewpoints, and develop more flexible and balanced thinking patterns. Seeking the support of a mental health professional can also be beneficial for individuals looking to address and overcome the negative effects of all-or-nothing thinking.

The Importance of Measuring Stress

Stress, when left unmanaged, can lead to a cascade of negative effects on physical, mental, and emotional health. By measuring stress, you gain insights into its impact on your body and mind, allowing you to implement effective strategies to reduce its influence and prevent potential health complications.

In today’s fast-paced world, stress has become a prevalent concern affecting people from all walks of life. Whether stemming from work pressures, personal challenges, or societal demands, understanding and measuring stress levels is crucial for maintaining overall well-being. But how can you accurately gauge something as intangible as stress?

Self-Report Measures

  1. Perceived Stress Scale (PSS): This widely-used questionnaire assesses how unpredictable, uncontrollable, and overloaded individuals find their lives. Respondents rate their feelings on a scale, providing an indication of their perceived stress levels.
  2. Stress Checklists: These are simple lists of common stressors that individuals can check off. By tallying the number of stressors that apply, you can gain a rough estimate of your stress load.
  3. Visual Analog Scale (VAS): A VAS asks you to mark your stress level on a continuum, ranging from “not stressed” to “extremely stressed.” This provides a visual representation of your stress intensity.
measuring stress

Physiological Measures

  1. Heart Rate Variability (HRV): HRV measures the time interval between consecutive heartbeats. Reduced HRV is associated with chronic stress, making it a useful indicator of overall stress levels.
  2. Cortisol Levels: Cortisol, known as the “stress hormone,” can be measured through saliva, blood, or urine tests. Elevated cortisol levels can indicate chronic stress.
  3. Skin Conductance: This measures the electrical conductance of the skin, which changes with stress-induced sweating. It’s often used in biofeedback therapy to help individuals learn to manage stress responses.

Behavioral Measures

  1. Sleep Patterns: Chronic stress can disrupt sleep. Tracking your sleep quality, duration, and patterns can offer insights into your stress levels.
  2. Appetite and Eating Habits: Stress can influence eating behaviors. Changes in appetite, food cravings, and eating patterns can be indicative of stress.
  3. Physical Activity Levels: Both too much and too little physical activity can be signs of stress. Monitoring your exercise routine can provide clues about your stress load.

Psychological Measures

  1. Questionnaires: Psychological inventories assess your mood, emotions, and psychological well-being. These tools can uncover stress-related symptoms and their intensity.
  2. Anxiety and Depression Scales: These scales help identify symptoms commonly associated with chronic stress. High scores can suggest elevated stress levels.
  3. Life Satisfaction Assessment: A decline in life satisfaction often accompanies chronic stress. Assessing your overall life satisfaction can indirectly indicate stress levels.


Measuring stress goes beyond a mere numerical value; it empowers you to make informed decisions about your well-being. By utilizing a combination of self-report measures, physiological assessments, behavioral observations, and psychological evaluations, you can gain a holistic understanding of your stress levels. Armed with this knowledge, you can implement targeted strategies to manage stress, leading to improved overall health and quality of life. Remember, seeking professional guidance is advisable if you find your stress levels significantly impacting your daily life.

body positivity

Embracing Body Positivity

In a world that often dictates unrealistic beauty standards, body positivity has emerged as a powerful movement. It advocates for self-acceptance, challenging the notion that our worth is solely determined by our physical appearance. By embracing body positivity, we can foster a healthier relationship with our bodies, promote self-love, and inspire others to do the same.

  1. Understanding Body Positivity

Body positivity is a mindset that encourages individuals to accept and appreciate their bodies, regardless of shape, size, or appearance. It strives to promote inclusivity, diversity, and the celebration of all body types. The movement aims to shift the focus from society’s narrow beauty standards to a more inclusive definition of beauty that embraces individuality and uniqueness.

  1. The Impact

Body positivity has far-reaching effects on individuals’ mental, emotional, and physical well-being. When we embrace our bodies, we cultivate self-confidence and develop a positive self-image. This newfound self-assurance can improve our overall mental health, reduce stress, and enhance our ability to engage in fulfilling relationships and activities.

Moreover, body positivity challenges harmful beauty standards, empowering individuals to love themselves unconditionally. By rejecting societal expectations, we become advocates for change and contribute to a culture that values diversity and inclusivity.

body positivity
  1. Practical Steps

a. Self-Acceptance: Start by recognizing and appreciating your body for its unique qualities. Focus on what your body can do rather than how it looks. Celebrate your strengths, abilities, and the amazing things your body enables you to experience.

b. Positive Affirmations: Incorporate positive affirmations into your daily routine. Replace self-criticism with self-compassion. Remind yourself that you are worthy, beautiful, and deserving of love and respect.

c. Surround Yourself with Positivity: Surround yourself with individuals who support and uplift you. Engage in social media platforms that promote body positivity and diverse representations of beauty. Seek out role models who inspire you to embrace your authentic self.

d. Practice Self-Care: Engage in activities that make you feel good about yourself. Prioritize self-care rituals that nourish your body, mind, and soul. Treat yourself with kindness, whether it’s through exercise, meditation, skincare routines, or indulging in hobbies you enjoy.

e. Advocate for Change: Use your voice to challenge harmful beauty standards and promote body positivity. Encourage others to embrace self-love and acceptance. Participate in campaigns and initiatives that foster inclusivity and representation in media, fashion, and other industries.

  1. Inspiring Others

As you embark on your journey, remember that your actions can inspire others to do the same. Share your experiences, struggles, and triumphs with others. Be a role model by embracing your uniqueness and radiating self-confidence. Encourage open and honest conversations about body image, self-esteem, and mental health. By promoting a culture of body positivity, we can collectively transform society’s perception of beauty.

Body positivity is a powerful movement that encourages self-acceptance and challenges societal beauty standards. Embracing body positivity allows us to foster a healthy relationship with our bodies, promoting self-love and inspiring others to do the same. By taking practical steps towards this goal and advocating for change, we contribute to a world that celebrates diversity, inclusivity, and the beauty of every individual. Start your journey today and unlock the transformative power of this way of life.

emotional eating

Unhealthy Coping Mechanisms

Life is filled with challenges, stressors, and unexpected events that can sometimes overwhelm us. In order to navigate these difficulties, individuals often develop coping mechanisms to help manage their emotions and maintain a sense of control. However, not all coping mechanisms are healthy or beneficial in the long run. In this article, we will explore some common unhealthy coping mechanisms, understand their potential consequences, and discuss the importance of seeking healthier alternatives.

Unhealthy Coping Mechanisms and Their Consequences

  1. Substance Abuse: One of the most detrimental coping mechanisms is turning to drugs or alcohol as an escape from reality. While substances may provide temporary relief, they can quickly spiral into addiction, leading to severe health issues, strained relationships, and financial problems.
  2. Emotional Eating: When faced with emotional distress, some individuals turn to food for comfort. Emotional eating can lead to weight gain, poor nutrition, and an unhealthy relationship with food. This coping mechanism often results in feelings of guilt, shame, and lowered self-esteem.
  3. Self-Isolation: In times of stress or emotional pain, withdrawing from social interactions may seem like a protective measure. However, prolonged isolation can exacerbate feelings of loneliness, depression, and anxiety. Lack of social support can hinder personal growth, limit opportunities for personal connections, and negatively impact mental well-being.
  4. Excessive Screen Time: Spending excessive hours glued to screens, whether it’s smartphones, computers, or televisions, can be an unhealthy escape from reality. This coping mechanism can lead to physical health problems such as eye strain, sedentary lifestyles, and disrupted sleep patterns. It may also hinder the development of interpersonal skills and face-to-face communication abilities.
  5. Aggression and Violence: Some individuals cope with their emotions by lashing out physically or verbally, causing harm to themselves or others. Engaging in aggressive behavior often results in strained relationships, legal issues, and a cycle of escalating violence. It fails to address the root causes of the emotions, perpetuating a harmful cycle.
Unhealthy Coping Mechanisms

Seeking Healthier Alternatives

  1. Self-Reflection and Emotional Awareness: Developing emotional intelligence and understanding one’s emotions can lead to healthier coping strategies. Engaging in self-reflection through practices like journaling, meditation, or therapy can help individuals identify triggers and respond to them in a constructive manner.
  2. Seeking Support: Instead of isolating oneself, reaching out to friends, family, or professionals can provide valuable support. Building a strong support network fosters a sense of belonging and reduces feelings of loneliness. Supportive relationships can provide guidance, empathy, and practical assistance during difficult times.
  3. Engaging in Physical Activity: Exercise is a natural stress reliever that promotes physical and mental well-being. Engaging in regular physical activity, whether it’s walking, yoga, or team sports, helps release endorphins and reduces anxiety. It also provides an opportunity to socialize and form connections with others.
  4. Creative Outlets: Expressing emotions through creative activities such as art, music, or writing can be cathartic and therapeutic. Engaging in creative outlets provides a healthy means of self-expression, allowing individuals to process emotions and find solace in their passions.
  5. Professional Help: In some cases, seeking professional help from therapists, counselors, or support groups can be immensely beneficial. These trained professionals can guide individuals in developing effective coping strategies, providing tools to navigate life’s challenges in a healthier manner.

Unhealthy coping mechanisms may provide temporary relief, but they often lead to long-term negative consequences. By understanding the potential harms of such coping mechanisms, individuals can make a conscious effort to seek healthier alternatives. Building emotional awareness, seeking support, engaging in physical activity, embracing creative


What is Wellness?

Wellness is a state of optimal physical, mental, and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. It is a positive approach to living that emphasizes taking care of oneself in order to achieve one’s full potential. In today’s fast-paced world, it can be easy to neglect our own well-being in favor of work, family, and other responsibilities. However, taking care of ourselves is crucial not only for our own happiness and fulfillment, but also for the people around us who rely on us. In this article, we will explore the importance of wellness and provide tips and strategies for incorporating wellness practices into your daily routine.

One of the key aspects of wellness is physical health. This includes maintaining a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, and getting enough sleep. A healthy diet can help to prevent a wide range of chronic diseases such as obesity, heart disease, and diabetes. Exercise, on the other hand, can help to reduce stress, boost mood, and improve overall physical fitness. Getting enough sleep is also essential for maintaining physical health, as it allows the body to repair and regenerate itself.


In addition to physical health, mental and emotional well-being is also an important aspect of wellness. This includes managing stress, practicing gratitude, and cultivating positive relationships with others. Chronic stress can have negative impacts on both physical and mental health, so it is important to find healthy ways to manage it. This may include activities like meditation, yoga, or exercise, as well as seeking support from friends, family, or a mental health professional.

Practicing gratitude is another way to promote mental and emotional well-being. This can involve keeping a gratitude journal, sharing things you are grateful for with others, or simply taking a moment each day to reflect on the good things in your life. Cultivating positive relationships with others is also important, as social support can provide a sense of belonging and help to buffer against stress.

Incorporating wellness practices into your daily routine can be challenging, especially if you are already busy with work and other commitments. One way to make it easier is to start small and gradually build up. For example, you might start by adding a few minutes of meditation to your daily routine, or taking a short walk after dinner. You can also try setting specific goals for yourself, such as committing to exercising a certain number of times per week, or eating a certain number of fruits and vegetables each day.

Another way to incorporate wellness practices into your routine is to make them a priority. This might mean setting aside specific times each day for self-care, or scheduling regular appointments with a healthcare provider or therapist. It can also be helpful to enlist the support of friends and family, as they can help to hold you accountable and provide encouragement and motivation.

In conclusion, wellness is an important aspect of overall health and well-being. Incorporating wellness practices into your daily routine can help to improve physical, mental, and emotional well-being, and can lead to a happier, more fulfilling life. By starting small and making wellness a priority, you can make a positive impact on your own well-being and the well-being of those around you.

Miraqell wellness
mind body temple

Mind-Body Temple: A Self-Directed Approach to Managing Chronic Pain and Elevating your life

This book is designed to take you through a journey of healing for managing your chronic pain and elevating your life. 

It starts with some information about chronic pain and an overview of different conditions that cause chronic pain. This is followed by describing the impact of chronic pain on life, and how to manage it through elevating your life force with healthy living skills and mental wellbeing practices.

Buy Mind-Body Temple: A Self-Directed Approach to Managing Chronic Pain and Elevating your life by Dr. Kevin Rod on Amazon

Developing your Mind-Body Temple through elevating your health and life will pave your way to your goals. Organizing your mind is organizing your life. Working on your physical state will change your state in life. Identifying obstacles between you and your goals, and learning ways to negotiate them, brings you closer to reaching your goals.

There are many Mind-Body skills and disciplines that can help you on this journey. Multiple factors can play significant role in leading you closer to (or farther from) your goals, everything from what you eat, to how active you are, to your perspective in life, to how you prioritize your time on short-term goals, to the quality of your sleep, to your relationships and your social network.

Your Mind-Body Temple can safely take you to the goals of your life. Your purpose in life can be fulfilled through this path. The results are satisfaction and a sense of fulfilment in life – the mother of all success and happiness.

Mind-Body Temple

My goal is to assist you on this journey. My hope is that this information will help you to reach your goal in life and fulfil your purpose. I hope you will never feel alone and join many others on this journey of healing to support and empower each other.

The information on this book is based on scientific evidence, my 32 years’ experience in medical practice, materials gathered by my team for patient education at our clinic, as well as lessons I have learned from my own journey of healing. I have tried to provide reliable references that are accessible by patients at each section.

I trust the skills you will learn on this journey will not only help you with your current medical condition, but these will also stay with you for the rest of your life as you face other life challenges. I hope you find this journey helpful. If only one life is saved or one suffering is ended, all our collective efforts are warranted.

What I loved most about Mind-Body Temple was the author’s caring approach which shone through in his writing. There is so much misinformation regarding chronic pain that it is often dismissed as a mental condition. The sufferer then feels the damaging effects of this mindset when they are either ignored or gaslighted by their health care provider. Dr. Kevin Rod used his experience with chronic pain to develop a holistic, gentle, and compassionate plan.

Stephanie Elizabeth has written a full review of this book here.